08 Jun Father Steve’s Bible Study Notes for Days 302 – 307
Notes for Day 302:
Daniel 11-12: Chapter 11 of Daniel is long, and filled with references to many historical events and people. I will review these events and people, almost exegetically -breaking down the individual verses:
Daniel 11:2 – “Three more kings shall arise in Persia”. Possibly Ahasuerus, Artaxerxes, and Darius II.
Daniel 11:3 – “warrior king shall arise”. Alexander the Great.
Daniel 11:5 – “ Then king of the south”. Ptolemy I of Egypt; “…but then one of his officers” Seleucus I, who established the greater kingdom in Syria.
Daniel 11:6 – “…they shall make an alliance”. The Ptolemies and Seleucids. “and the daughter of the king of the south” Bernice, the daughter of Ptolemy II.
Daniel 11:7 – “a branch from her roots”. Bernice’s brother, Ptolemy III, who took revenge for her death.
Daniel 11:9 – “then the latter shall invade the realm of the king of the south” . Seleucus II, who unsuccessfully invaded Egypt.
Daniel 11:10 – “His sons shall wage war” Selecus III and Antiochus III
Daniel 11:13-16 – Antiochus III defeats Ptolemy V
Daniel 11:16 – “He shall take a position”. Antiochus III “beautiful land”. Judah
Daniel 11:18 – “But a commander shall put an end to his insolence”. Roman commander Lucius Cornelius Scipio who defeated Antiochus III at the battle of Magnesia in Asia Minor.
Daniel 11:20 – “Then shall rise in his place one who shall end…”. Antiochus III’s successor, Seleucus IV, who sent Heliodorus to rob the temple treasury in Jerusalem (2 Mac. 3:1-40) Seleucus was later assassinated.
Daniel 11:40-45 according to Biblical scholars is not historical . These verses represent the author’s hopes for a climatic change in history based on Ezekiel 38-39. Daniel 12 talks about the resurrection of the dead after the death of Antiochus (verse 1, “At the time”). The closing of the Book of Daniel (verses 5-13); deals with some confusion around calculating the date of the end.
Revelation 21: In Revelation 21; we read about the New Heaven, and the New Earth (verse 1-8); we read about the vision of the New Jerusalem (verse 9-27). According to Revelation 21:16, the New Jerusalem City will be an area of 2,250,000 square miles! In Revelation 21:22; we read that there will be no temple in the city; because the temple will be the “Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb”. For those familiar with the Episcopal Burial service from the Book of Common Prayer; Revelation 21:2-7 is one of the optional New Testament Readings (Rite I – page 475; Rite II – page 495).
Notes for Day 303:
Hosea 1-2: The Book of Hosea revolves around God’s unending love for wayward Israel. God (LORD) reminds the Israelites of his love for them in Hosea 13:4; “I have been the LORD your God ever since the land of Egypt; you know no God but me, and besides me there is no savior”. The setting for the Book of Hosea is in the Northern Kingdom, Israel, which Hosea often calls Ephraim after the name of the largest tribe. The setting takes place during the reign of King Jeroboam II, 786 – 746 B.C. The Biblical accounts of Hosea can be found in 2 Kings 14:23-17:41. Hosea’s hope came to him in the voice of God who said he would return the people to bygone village-based society where traditional, covenantal lifestyles could flourish (2:14-15; 3:4; 12:9). We read a narrative about Hosea’s marriage in chapters 1 – 3. According to Biblical scholars, these narratives are prophetic communications, and not biographical. The LORD orders Hosea to choose a sexually promiscuous wife, Gomer, that led to a tumultuous marriage. In Hosea 1:2; we read where the LORD ordered Hosea to take for himself a “wife of whoredom”. I am sure you have never heard this scripture read on a Sunday morning in Church, have you? Well, that is true. The only readings we get from the 3 year Lectionary from Hosea are: 5:15-6:6 (Proper 5 -Year A); 2:14-23 (8th Sunday after the Epiphany & Proper 3 – Year B). We do not read any of Hosea in Year C of the Sunday Lectionary. In the first part of Hosea, we read about Hosea’s adulterous wife and a land of whoredom. Near the end of chapter 11 of Hosea, there is a promise of salvation. From our readings, and interpretations of scripture; Gomer only conceived one child from Hosea (first child). The 2nd & 3rd child were born out of Gomer’s “whoredom”. The meaning of the children’s names: Jezreel (bloodshed); Lo-ruhamah (No Compassion); Lo-ammi (Not my people). So in Hosea chapter one, we read about the family of Hosea. In Hosea chapter two; we about Israel’s infidelity, punishment, and redemption.
Revelation 22: Today we finally close out the Book of Revelation, and bring my notes on the New Testament to a closing. We read about the “River of Life” in chapter 22. In verse 2; we read about 12 kinds of fruit that produce fruit each month. Biblical scholars say that these 12 kinds of fruit represent the miraculous fruitfulness of the new world.
**As mentioned above; there will not be any further New Testament (NT) notes. The outline repeats the NT; if you choose to reread the NT; please refer to the previous notes. All notes from here on out will be for the remaining Books of the Old Testament.**
Notes for Day 304:
Hosea 3-4: In Hosea chapter 3; we read that Hosea’s marriage is restored. The narrative here is paralleled to Israel’s broken relationship with God. Hosea is to retrieve his lost wife, just as God is determined to retrieve Israel. In Hosea 4; we read the indictment that God brings against Israel. In this case, because God is bringing the indictment – it is a divine lawsuit against people for breach of the covenant.
Notes for Day 305:
Hosea 5-6: In Hosea 5 today; we read about the impending judgement on Israel and Judah. The towns mentioned in Hosea 5:1-2 (Mizpah, Tabor, and Shittim), had shrines of the Baal cult. In Hosea 6; we read about a call to repentance.
Notes for Day 306:
Hosea 7-8: Hosea 7 continues God’s call for the people to repent. In Hosea 7:1 we again see Samaria. Samaria was the capital of the Northern Kingdom (Ephraim). In Hosea 7:3 we read about a king being glad from others wickedness. This king was possibly Hoshea, who gained the throne through treachery (2 Kings 15:30). The term for “adulterers” that we read in verse 4 refers to the politically treasonous evildoers. In Hosea 7:8; we read about Ephraim being a “half baked cake”, not turned over. This is a metaphor for a cake made up of foreign ingredients and half baked. In Hosea 7:13; we read about the LORD being upset for those who have strayed from him. The LORD (God) is frustrated in his desire to redeem, or rescue his people. In Hosea 8; we read about Israel’s apostasy. Israel has broken it’s covenant with God, and have turned to idolatry. We read in Hosea 8:6 about the “calf of Samaria”. This was the golden bull that Jeroboam I placed in Bethel (Hosea 10:5; 1 Kings 12:26-33). The bull represented Baal, a symbol of virility, and fertility. In Hosea 8:9; we read about the “wild ass wandering alone” in Assyria. This statement is figurative language for willfulness and lust.
Notes for Day 307:
Hosea 9-10: In Hosea 9; we read about the punishment for Israel’s sin. The subsequent generations (offspring) will be punished as well. In Hosea 9:1-6; Hosea condemns a harvest festival. The harvest is a prostitutes pay (verse 1), because Israel takes is as a gift of Baal in return for her service (Micah 1:7; Deuteronomy 23:18). In Hosea 9:10; we again see the word “Baal-peor”. This is where Israel embraced Baal. We see the phrase “thing of shame” in verse 10. In Hebrew the word for this phrase is “boshet”, which is a derogatory name for Baal. In Hosea 9:15; we again see the word “Gilgal”. Gilgal is where the kingship for Israel was inaugurated (1 Samuel 11:14-15). We also remember that Israel’s kings were responsible for religious apostasy and political instability. In Hosea 10; we read about Israel’s sin and captivity. God is also going to destroy the cultic worship and idols that Israel has set up.